Glossary of Terms
We understand that it can be overwhelming or confusing to tackle something new, especially when it comes to your body and health. To make your time with us easier, we have compiled a list of terms we commonly use in the orthotics and prosthetics world. We hope that this will be helpful to you as you embark on this challenge.
If at any time you have questions about terminology or your treatment plan, please don’t hesitate to ask us.
The surgical removal of all or part of a limb due to disease or injury
Above-elbow, or transhumeral, amputee
Above-knee, or transfemoral, amputee
Below-elbow, or transradial, amputee
Below-knee, or transtibial, amputee
Loss involving two limbs.
Awareness and perception of one’s body related to both appearance and function
ChopartAlso known as a partial foot amputation
Congenital Limb Deficiency
An absent, shortened or abnormal limb present at birth
Amputation through the joint – i.e., hip, wrist, shoulder, knee, etc.
Relating to arm or leg
Referring to the manner or style of walking.
Amputation of entire lower limb at hip level, or ischial tuberosity, also called the ischial bone or ischium; located in the pelvis and used for weight-bearing
Lower extremity (LE)
Relating to the leg
Type of upper extremity prosthesis that uses biofeedback to control the function
A brace/device that is used to straighten and provide support to a limb or the spine (plural: orthoses)
One who fits braces and devices designed to straighten or support extremities/spine.
Amputation through any part of the foot leaving the ankle intact.
PFFD Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency
Shortened femur bone
A sense of the location/orientation of one’s limb in space.
An artificial replacement for a body part (plural: prostheses)
One who fits and makes prostheses.
Limb loss involving four limbs
Residual LimbDescription of remaining limb from joint to amputation site
Part of the prosthesis that encapsulates the residual limb
Amputation through the ankle
Amputation of entire lower limb, plus a portion of the pelvic bone; may also be referred to as a hemipelvectomy
Limb loss involving three limbs
Upper extremity (UE)
Relating to the arm